Research shows little evidence of abnormal or unhealthy psychological changes in men receiving supervised testosterone therapy to treat their low T, according to a study in the journal Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management. However, mental and physical risks are involved in self-administration of artificial testosterone. Anyone abusing synthetic testosterone, also known as anabolic steroids, may experience episodes of aggressive or violent behavior, along with physical side effects. Bodybuilders, athletes, or anyone who seeks to build muscle mass or achieve other benefits from artificial testosterone should be aware of these risks.
Kraft, S. (.). Signs of high testosterone in women. Retrieved from http:///content/article/signs-high-testosterone-women
Low testosterone. (2012, March). Retrieved from http:///diseases-and-conditions/mens-health/low-testosterone
Nigro, N. & Christ-Cain, M. (2012). Testosterone treatment in the aging male: Myth or reality? Swiss Medicine Weekly, 2012(142), w13539. Retrieved from http:///content/smw-2012-13539/
NIH-supported trials of testosterone therapy in older men report mixed results. (2017, February 21). Retrieved from https:///news-events/news-releases/nih-supported-trials-testosterone-therapy-older-men-report-mixed-results
Sharma, R., Oni, O. A., Gupta, K., Chen, G., Sharma, M., Dawn, B., … & Barua, R. S. (2015, August 6). Normalization of testosterone level is associated with reduced incidence of myocardial infarction. European Heart Journal, 36(40), 2706-2715. Retrieved from https:///eurheartj/article/36/40/2706/2293361/Normalization-of-testosterone-level-is-associated
Sinicki, A. (.). What are prohormones? Are they safe? Retrieved from http:///entry/17328/1/What-Are-Prohormones-And-Are-They-
Testosterone and androgens. (2014, January). Retrieved from http:///hormones-and-health/hormones/testosterone
Tsujimura, A. (2013, August 31). The relationship between testosterone deficiency and men's health. The World Journal of Men's Health, 31 (2), 126-135. Retrieved from http:///pmc/articles/PMC3770847/
Walker, W. H. (2010, May 27). Non-classical actions of testosterone and spermatogenesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 365 (1546). Retrieved from http:///pmc/articles/PMC2871922/
Wein, H. (2013, September 23). Understanding how testosterone affects men. Retrieved from https:///news-events/nih-research-matters/understanding-how-testosterone-affects-men
What is low testosterone (hypogonadism)? (.). Retrieved from https:///urologic-conditions/low-testosterone-(hypogonadism)
Wong, J. Y. Y., Gold, E. B., Johnson, W. O., & Lee, J. S. (2015, October 2015). Circulating sex hormones and risk of uterine fibroids: Study of women's health across the nation (SWAN). The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 101 (1), 123-130. Retrieved from http:///doi//-2935
Ziegenfuss, T. N., Berardi, J. M., & Lowery, L. M. (2002, December). Effects of prohormone supplementation in humans: A review [Abstract]. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 27 (6), 628-646. Retrieved from https:///pubmed/12501001
The preservative benzyl alcohol has been associated with serious adverse events, including the "gasping syndrome", and death in pediatric patients. Although normal therapeutic doses of this product ordinarily deliver amounts of benzyl alcohol that are substantially lower than those reported in association with the "gasping syndrome", the minimum amount of benzyl alcohol at which toxicity may occur is not known. The risk of benzyl alcohol toxicity depends on the quantity administered and the liver and kidneys' capacity to detoxify the chemical. Premature and low-birth weight infants may be more likely to develop toxicity.